Population & Employment
According to the 5‰ population sampling survey in 2008, the population of long-term residents reached 7.966 million, up by 1.32 percent over the previous; of which 5.5236 million in urban district, accounting for 69.34 percent of long-term residents. The city's population density is 480 people per square km; By the end of 2008, the total domicile population of Hangzhou was 6.7764 million. In the registered people, the agriculture population amounted to 3.3688 million and the non-agriculture population reached 3.4076 million. The birth rate of population was 9.09 per mill, the death rate was 6.32 per mill and the natural growth rate was 2.77 per mill.
The structure of Long-term population by the end of 2008(%)
2.Population Age Structure
According to the 5‰ sample survey of population in 2008, among all the residents, population of 0 to 14-yearold was 987,800, accounting for 12.4 percent of the total population, population of 15 to 64-year-old was 6.1099 million, accounting for 76.7 percent, persons aged 65 and over 868,300, accounting for 10.9 percent. Compared with the previous year, proportion of 0 to 14-year-old dropped by 0.62 percentage points, that of aged 65 and above had increased 0.09 percentage points.
3.Residents Life Expectancy
The population continues to extend life expectancy. In year 2008, the average life expectancy was 79.74 years old of residents in Hangzhou (77.44 years of men and 82.25 years of women), which was equivalent to the level of developed countries.
The cultural quality of the population has improved continually. In the year of 2008, population of 6-yearold and above of residents in Hangzhou with the tertiary education level and above accounted for 14.95 % of the population, 0.03 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. High school educated population accounts for 15.69%, 0.7 percentage points increased; junior secondary education population accounts for 33.64%, 0.92 percentage point increased. Compulsory education enrolment rate reached 100 percent, high school enrollment rate reached 98.7 percent, and higher education gross enrollment rate reached 51.9 percent.
The scale of employment in Hangzhou has expanded. By the end of 2008, there was a total of 5.6916 million employees in the city, 0.3607 million more than the previous year. There were 2.0135 million private and individual participators, more than 8,500 over the previous year. Registered urban unemployment rate was 3.02 percent in the end of the year.